Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder in the United States. General insomnia refers to a class of sleep disorders that disrupt your ability to fall asleep or stay asleep during the night, resulting in daytime sleepiness. A physician specializing in sleep medicine can help you identify the underlying cause of your insomnia and develop a plan for treatment.
Acute insomnia, also called adjustment insomnia or short-term insomnia, has been linked to episodes of stress. This stress affects your ability to sleep, and may come from either a positive or negative source. Short-term insomnia generally disappears once the stress causing it has been resolved.
Behavioral insomnia most frequently affects children who do not have a set sleeping and waking schedule. If parents or guardians do not enforce a regular bedtime, children may stay up until late hours and experience sleepiness during the day. Establishing a regular sleep schedule will resolve this type of sleep disorder.
The causes of idiopathic insomnia are unknown, but this sleep disorder often begins at birth and persists for a lifetime. Idiopathic insomnia has not been linked to medication, stress, or other sleep disorders, and physicians suspect it is related to issues with natural sleep regulation in the body.
Paradoxical insomnia is a rare form of insomnia. Although you are able to achieve a healthy amount of sleep, you wake the next morning feeling as though you are not well-rested. You may overestimate the time it takes you to fall asleep and underestimate the amount of hours spent asleep. Although paradoxical insomnia does not produce daytime symptoms as severe as other forms of insomnia, it can still disrupt daily activities and affect quality of life.
Insomnia and other sleep disorders don’t need to interfere with your ability to get a healthy night’s sleep. You can schedule an appointment with a sleep specialist at Sleep Services of Maryland by calling (240) 912-4683. Check us out on the web to find out about insomnia treatments for children and adults.